ethnography and Finno-Ugric collections of the Museum of Cultures have been
digitised and made available to the public with the help of Finnish museums’
joint search portal FINNA, an appropriation from the Ministry of Education and
Culture and the labour of in-house researchers. Collections of the Museum of
Cultures available for browsing:
The famous Alaska collection of the general
ethnography collections amounts to approximately 500 artefacts. Its collectors
include Arvid Adolf Etholén, who worked for the Russian-American Company and
was the Governor of Russian America before the mid-1800s, Uno Cygnaeus, who
worked as a priest in Alaska, and mineralogist Henrik Johan Holmberg. The
collections include clothes made from walrus intestines, the intestines of
other sea mammals as well as bird and fur animal skins, wooden hunting hats,
over 50 small walrus bone sculptures, seal harpoons and other hunting weapons.
The artefact information is also available in English.
Army officer Edvard Rosenlund worked as a missionary in Dutch East India for a
total of 25 years. The collection, which was collected in the 1920s, primarily
contains barkcloth and other textiles, weapons, braid-work and ritual objects.
Most of the artefacts are from Bora and Kulawi in Central Sulawesi.
MAYA COSTUMES AND JEWELLERYThe colourful
skirts, blouses, shawls, belts and hairbands were collected by various
collectors from the 1950s onwards. There are costume sets from speakers of
different Mayan languages. Most of the artefacts are traditional female
costumes; the male clothing has been Westernised, but the collection also
includes a few male loincloths, trousers and shirts.
INDIAN TEXTILESThe collection was
donated by textile artist Hanna Helena Perheentupa in 2005. She lived and
worked in India between the 1960s and 1990s. The collection contains examples
of India’s diverse textile traditions, including embroidery and appliqué works
and fabrics patterned using various printing methods.
On a research trip
in 1987, ethnologist Ildikó Lehtinen acquired a collection of costumes and
jewellery from the Meadow Mari and Mountain Mari in the Mari El Republic and
the Eastern Mari in Bashkortostan.
Over 300 items
from the Russian materials have been opened online. Finnish ethnologists
collected artefacts in Russian villages in East Karelia and by the White Sea in
the first half of the 1900s. During the Continuation War, everyday objects from
the Russian villages in Svir (Syväri in Finnish) were collected to demonstrate
the preservation of craftsmanship. The Russian names of the artefacts,
transliterated into the Latin alphabet, are also given.
collection of clothes, blankets, jewellery, ceramics, music instruments,
weapons and powder horns from Moroccan Arabs, Berbers and Jews was collected by
an internationally acclaimed social anthropologist, Professor Edvard
Westermarck, in 1898–1913.
EAST KARELIAN COLLECTION
East Karelian artefacts are from the peak years of Karelian tourism in
1890–1910. They include items acquired by L. V. Pääkkönen (1892), photographer
and cultural leader I. K. Inha (1894) and architects Yrjö Blomstedt, Victor
Sucksdorff (1894), Jalmari Kekkonen, Uno Ullberg and Alarik Tavaststjerna
SIBERIAN ARTEFACT AND PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION
Ethnologists Theodor Schvindt (1882), Axel Olai Heikel (1903), U. T.
Sirelius (1911) and Ilmari Manninen (1917) also contributed to the collection. Professor
of Finno-Ugric linguistics Artturi Kannisto travelled in the lands of the Mansi
people between Ural River and Ob River in 1901–1906. He made four collection
trips and acquired shirts and accessories decorated with beading and
needlework, for example. The collection also includes artefacts from Northern
Mansi and Khanty peoples.
NATIONAL COSTUMES OF LANGUAGE RELATIVES
Axel Olai Heikel studied the folk buildings of the Mordvins and Mari in summer
1883. Heikel took a liking to the national costumes of the Mari, Mordvins and
Udmurt, and acquired a number of them for the museum’s collections on his
journeys in 1883–1886. On a trip in 1884, Heikel also collected national
costumes from the neighbouring cultures of the Mari and Mordvins, the
Turkish-speaking Chuvash people and Russian-speaking Meshchera