Antti represents the enclosed farmyard pattern. It was brought from
Säkylä, western Finland and erected at Seurasaari in 1930-31. Houses
with enclosed farmyards were built since the Middle Ages in western
Finland where the open-field division of land was followed. The villages
were grouped on riversides and waterfronts.
The right-angled yard is flanked by buildings and divided into a
farmyard and a barnyard. The farmyard is surrounded by buildings used by
the inhabitants: the main building, loft storehouse for sleeping and
storing clothes, food cellar, auxiliary kitchen and sauna. In the
barnyard are the shelters for pigs, sheep, cows and oxen and the feed
barns. The yards are separated by the so-called uncle’s dwelling, a
building, where the master’s unwed brother lived in a household of his
own although he worked on the farm.
The main building was rebuilt after a fire in the 1820s. The actual
dwelling part of the building consists of the large main room, the
auxiliary room or kitchen and two bedrooms. The dwelling rooms are an
example of the symmetrical ‘twin-room’ floor plan dating back to
Renaissance. The porch on the left leads into the parlour and the guest
The main room was the centre of daily life. It was where the inhabitants
ate and engaged in crafts and the children of the household and the
maidservants and the hired hands slept. The room is divided into a
women’s side and a men’s side. The rear of the main room was the more
honourable side and it was not to be entered without an invitation.
Cooking and baking took place in the kitchen. Säkylä is in the
West-Finnish region where bread was baked only twice a year. The bread
was dried on the rafters in the kitchen and stored in the granary.
The master and his wife slept in the master bedroom and the eligible
daughter in a bedroom of her own. The parlour was used only for special
occasions, such as weddings, funerals and so-called reading bees. At
other times, this room was unheated. Guests slept in the guest room.
Because of fire risk, granaries and threshing houses were usually built
outside the yard area. At the Antti farmstead, outside the yard area,
there is a woodshed, a toolshed, a wagon shed and a carriage and sledge
The museum café, Kaffeliiteri, operates in the woodshed. It is open during the Museum’s opening times
The main building and yard of Antti farmstead. Photo: The National Board of Antiquities.
The main room was the centre of daily life. Photo: Timo Syrjänen, the National Board of Antiquities.